Top 10 Wonders of Historic Architecture

Top 10 Wonders of Historic Architecture

Some historic architecture was built in the most unexpected places – like in the middle of a lake or carved from rock high in the mountains. Other ancient monuments are so old, that we are lucky to even have the ruins. Nevertheless, these ten examples are amazing evidence of the grand goals humanity has been setting for centuries.

10. Vrelo Bune, Blagaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Situated on the Buna river, Vrelo Bune is a unique natural and architectural ensemble, that features a monastery. Springs that feed the river and stream from the carstic caverns, are famous for producing exceptionally clean and cold water. Buildings from stone have been built in Blagaj since the 15th century, therefore the site is culturally significant.

Why to go there?

A wonderful place, where history, architecture and nature blend together. Besides the historic architecture, stunning rocks and river, Blagaj is also home for numerous endemic species and diverse flora.

Top Architecture-Vrelo-Photo by Talha Samil Cakir

Photo by Talha Samil Cakir

Top Architecture-Vrelo-Photo by praccus

Photo by praccus

9. Himeji Castle, Japan

Posited on a hill in Himeji, the ancient castle complex, built in 1333, is a fine example of Japanese architecture. Himeji was the first site included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in Japan! Although the castle was constantly being remade by its changing owners, it had magically survived the bombings during World War II. One bomb had even dropped through the roof, but failed to explode, fortunately, preserving the site for the later generations.

Why to go there?

Unsurprisingly this is the most popular castle in Japan, attracting around 820 000 visitors each year. This is one of the most important castles in the country, representing the Japanese culture and architecture the best. It is also a true historic jewel, since it has preserved its original form.

Top Architecture-Himeji

Photo by Unknown

Top Architecture-Himeji-Photo by Kazuhiro Terasawa

Photo by Kazuhiro Terasawa

Top Architecture-Himeji-Photo by Naomi Locardi

Photo by Naomi Locardi

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Photo by Unknown

8. Bled Island, Slovenia

The lake is situated in the Julian Alps – a mountain range in Slovenia – and is famous for the picturesque surroundings and historic buildings. On the Bled Island in the middle of the lake a church dedicated to the Assumption of Mary was built in the 17th century. It is a popular church among Slovenians, tourists and newlyweds.

Why to go there?

Beautiful nature, historic architecture, popular tourist destination. Also the Medieval castle stands high on a rock, protruding above the lake.

Top Architecture-Bled-Photo by Janez Tolar

Photo by Janez Tolar

Top Architecture-Bled-Photo by Dan Briski

Photo by Dan Briski

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Photo by Unknown

7. Sumela Monastery, Trabzon, Turkey

Carved into the Melá Mountain, the 1600 year old monastery seems to be an ultimate spiritual retreat. Although looks inaccessible, visitors can easily reach it by taking a scenic path through the forest. Greek Orthodox monastery has both – Greek and Turkish influences in its architecture and design – and is dedicated to Virgin Mary.

Why to go there?

Visitors can discover the Rock Church, chapels, student rooms, library, sacred spring, kitchen and guest house. Most of the colorful frescoes from the 14th and 18th centuries a very well preserved. And wonderful panoramic views can be admired from here as well.

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Photo by Unknown

Top Architecture-Sumela-Photo by Ayhan Duran

Photo by Ayhan Duran

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Photo by Unknown

6. Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia

The Mahayana Buddhist Temple was built in the 9th century and can righteously be called an icon of Indonesia. One of the most recognizable sanctuaries in the world is also the most visited tourist attraction in the country and is protected by UNESCO. The temple is a complex of six square platforms, decorated with reliefs and 504 Buddha statues. From above the whole complex looks like a tantric Buddhist mandala.

Why to go there?

Today the temple is still used for praying and meditation. Every year during the full moon pilgrims gather here in May or June to celebrate Siddhārtha Gautama’s conversion to Buddha.

Top Architecture-Borobudur

Photo by Unknown

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Photo by Unknown

Top Architecture-Borobudur-Photo by Elia Locardi

Photo by Elia Locardi

Top Architecture-Borobudur-Photo by Bruce Levick

Photo by Bruce Levick

5. The Charles Bridge, Prague, The Czech Republic

One of the most famous historic bridges in the world and Europe, the Charles Bridge crosses the Vltava river in the heart of the city. Commissioned by King Charles IV in the 14th century, the constructions finished in the 15th century. It is believed that king himself laid the first stone. The Charles Bridge, which is 621 m long, is claimed to be one of the most beautiful Gothic buildings in the world. Moreover, it is famous for the 30 Baroque statues, depicting saints, that are situated on the balustrade.

Why to go there?

The bridge connects Prague Castle with the Old Town and is considered to be one of the most romantic places in the city, visited by thousands of tourists every day.

Top Architecture-Charles-Photo by Gabor Jonasv

Photo by Gabor Jonasv

Top Architecture-Charles-Photo by Mark Kats

Photo by Mark Kats

4. Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower, Florence, Italy

The main and most recognizable church in the historic city, has a monumental significance. Its construction began in 1296 and was completed only in 1436. It is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The entire complex features thousands of meticulous details. From above its shape forms a Latin Cross.

Why to go there?

The magnificent dome has an important cultural value: since it was inspired by the Roman architecture, its ascension marked a transition from the Medieval Ages to the Renaissance. Today the basilica still dominates Florence’s landscape and is the most popular tourist attraction.

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Photo by Unknown

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Photo by Unknown

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Photo by Unknown

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Photo by Unknown

3. The Pantheon, Rome, Italy

Built between 27 BC and 14 AD, the building is one of the finest architectural wonders that defines the Eternal City of Rome. The name refers to „all the gods“ – the concept characteristic to that time. Besides the historic value the Pantheon is famous for its architecture, that depicts brilliance of the Roman technique. Bronze doors, famous dome, elegant style correspond to a certain state of mind of the time: rational, ambitious, harmonious, divine. Today the site is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Rome.

Why to go there?

Discover the spirit of antiquity, of the glorious Roman Empire. Admire the architecture and explore the history of the era.

Top Architecture-Pantheon-Photo by Valerio Benincasa

Photo by Valerio Benincasa

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Photo by Unknown

Top Architecture-Pantheon-Photo by Edward Tian

Photo by Edward Tian

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Photo by Unknown

2. Taj Mahal, India

The marble mausoleum is probably the most famous symbol of love. Emperor Shah Jahan built this white marble wonder in the memory of his dead beloved wife. Today it is the most popular tourist attraction and one of the most striking architectural wonders in the world.

When to go there?

By the night the crowds have been cleared and a gentle light surrounds this white monument with romantic blueish aura.

Top Architecture-Taj-Photo by Marvin Bartels

Photo by Marvin Bartels

Top Architecture-Taj-Photo by Monsoon Photo

Photo by Monsoon Photo

Top Architecture-Taj-Photo by Trey Ratcliff

Photo by Trey Ratcliff

Top Architecture-Taj

Photo by Unknown

1. The Roman Forum, Rome, Italy

In the heart of the Eternal City of Rome one can find the ruins of once the most important and glorious state – the Roman Empire. The wreckage site used to serve as the government buildings. Here citizens gathered to celebrate victories, for elections, trials, commercial affairs and even gladiator matches. The oldest buildings in the Forum date back to the 8th century BC. But the biggest and most famous reconstruction was made by the emperor Augustus, who has found the site made of bricks and left it made of marble.

Why to go there?

Today an impressive number of visitors of around 4,5 millions explore the Forum every year. One of those unforgettable places to see at least once in a lifetime.

Top Architecture-Forum-Photo by Christopher Cove

Photo by Christopher Cove